Celyad’s non-edited approach not immune to clinical hold
For a cell company like Celyad, which has shifted towards off-the-shelf therapies, halting a trial of its lead allogeneic project spells a significant setback. This is especially true given that until now Celyad could argue that having a non-gene-edited approach differentiated it from the likes of Allogene, which suffered a damaging hold as a result of the perceived risk, since allayed, of multiple chromosome edits. Today’s voluntary hold concerns Keynote-B79, a Keytruda combo study of CYAD-101 in colorectal cancer, and comes after the deaths of two separate patients who had “presented with similar pulmonary findings”. CYAD-101 is a T-cell therapy with an NKG2D receptor-based Car, and its monotherapy study, presented at last year’s Asco-GI meeting, showed no dose-limiting toxicity and a 13% response rate in 15 colorectal cancer patients. To disable graft-versus-host reactions CYAD-101 uses a TIM (T-cell receptor inhibitory molecule), and it is notable that this might not be Celyad’s favoured approach; instead, the group has tended to play up shRNA, which is what its other clinical-stage allogeneic asset, CYAD-211, uses to avoid GvHD. Still, it is not clear whether the latest problem might extend beyond CYAD-101, or indeed whether it is even related to CYAD-101.
|Celyad's allogeneic Car-T assets|
|Target||NKG2D ligands||BCMA||NKG2D ligands (uses IL-18)||CD19|
|TCR silencing tech||TIM||shRNA||shRNA||shRNA|
|Clinical trials||AlloShrink (monoRx)||NCT04613557||IND planned mid-2022||None|
|Keynote-B79 (Keytruda combo)*|
|Source: company filings; shRNA=short-hairpin RNA; TIM=TCR inhibitory molecule; *on voluntary clinical hold.|